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Tours in Licata

In the province of Agrigento, Licata is located on the southern coast, splendid Sicilian town.
The name Licata has undergone, in the course of time, several variations. Initially it was Alukatos, then Limpiadum, Limpiados, Lecatam, Cathal, Katta, Licatam, Leocata, Alicata.

The oldest document in which reference is made to the city, is an act of donation of the Bishop Roger of Altavilla of Agrigento that Gerlando. In this official document Licata is indicated on the name of Limpiadum c. Beyond the different names that have always attracted attention is the significance, and on this issue have been made several assumptions: for some Licata derives from the greek name Leucada; for others from the buck-KALATA with the meaning of the castle, fortified place, and still others derive its name from the alikis with the meaning of salt, others by alica, meaning that grain was abundant in those lands, from Lichas, mother of Daphne. Many are the interpretations that are given to the name of Licata now occupies 24 km of the southern coast of Sicily, and is mostly flat.
The territory is crossed by Licata Salty river which, with its slow pace, has given rise to the flood plain of the Plain. The town is located in the western Gulf of Gela, on a hill called Mount. The city's origins date back to prehistoric times. Over time Licata has linked its history to that of Sicily, has suffered the same rulers found themselves to be today, the mixture of cultures and traditions that make it fascinating.

The history of this country has been greatly influenced by the course Salso-Imera that has long divided the Sicily, from the South African coast in the northern Tyrrhenian determining, therefore, the distinction between the Sicarii and Sicilians.

In the Middle Ages represented the boundary between the Val di Mazara, Val Demone and Val di Noto, while during the Norman period marked the boundary between the Diocese of Syracuse and the Agrigento.

The bifurcation-the Himera Salty, surrounding the Mountain, Licata makes it almost an island, which is why it has always proved to be a city protected by arable land, the characteristics that made populated since ancient times. In 281 a. C. the tyrant Finzia transfers all the inhabitants of Gela in whose territory had seized that corresponds to today's territory of Licata. Other important events were in the 310 to. C. Battle dell'Imera, during which the Greeks were defeated by the Carthaginians, and the Naval Battle of Cape Ecnomo, during the First Punic War, when the Romans defeated the Carthaginians. Licata is talked about during another important period of history which is the second World War, when the Allies landed on its shores to liberate the nation.
 
Monuments of Licata
 
The passage of the different populations, as well as in the culture and customs has left a tangible mark also in the civil and religious city of Licata.

A stroll through the streets of Licata shows all the differences and the beauty that mix.

The Marina district has a facility typically Arab, while the Maltese, S. Paul and those principals have a substantially Baroque.

Of great interest are the archaeological underground Stagnone Pontillo, the necropolis of Monte Petrulla artificial caves, the Grangela (hydraulic work preellenistica era), the phrourion of Phalaris (the ancient Greek fortress) and the remains of the Greek town of Monte Sant'Angelo .
Many of the findings in these areas are kept in the Archaeological Museum City.
 
Among the most interesting monuments are:
The Lighthouse (the third highest of Italy); Castel Sant'Angelo (the late sixteenth built as a fortification for the sight where you can see much of the coast of Licata), City Hall (Art Nouveau), the Church of Santa Maria Nuova (the '400 with some additions of the Baroque period, within which lies the Chapel of the Black Christ), Santa Maria la Vetere (the '200, the oldest church in Licata); the Carmine ('200 complex with a church and monastery), the Church of Sant'Angelo (which houses the relics of the Saint), the baroque churches of San Francesco, of Purgatory, of SS. Salvatore and San Domenico, the baroque palaces and villas in the Liberty style.

Very interesting for those who love nature, is the Observatory of the Mouth of the avifaunal Salso made in order to give protection to an area of natural interest such as the mouth of the river Salso. The observatory is located at the mouth of the river and consists of a shed for the observation, which is accessed via a path, and in which one studies the migration, the flora and fauna, the waters are monitored and guided tours. The Centre's management is entrusted to WWF Italy.
 
Sandy Licata

Other attractions are the beaches. For the realization of these fantastic scenarios the man was not involved, it is nature that has skillfully forged and formed these shows.

Approximately 20 km of varied coastline that goes from sandy stretches where other cliffs, boulders, large and small coves to dominate.

Some of the most beautiful beaches are: Poggio di Guardia, with cliffs and small sandy beach, Playa Marianello, near the fishing port is one of the most beautiful beaches of Licata and there are also "timpe" that make the whites of the badlands landscape truly fascinating;
Seahorse, Nicolizia, Balatazze, Mollarella, the most popular and known throughout the southern coast of Sicily, with two promontories that form the protection; Poliscia, St. Nicholas, of very small size made mostly by rocks; La Rocca; Pisciotto; mouth of the Hen, the most pristine beaches all licatesi, and Torre di Gaffe which takes its name from the nearby watchtower.

More information about Licata

Tourism is the city of Licata, the primary source of income since this city one of the busiest and best known of the southern coast of Sicily.

The agriculture and fishing have always been interested in this area due to the importance that the port of Licata has always had in the Mediterranean, for the sorting of goods, and today the first wheat products and sulfur mines. Today there are so many activities related to fishing.




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